NC State Extension

Botany for Gardeners

cover page, Extension Gardener Handbook, Chapter 3

Botany includes four key areas:

  1. TaxonomyPlant description, classification, naming and grouping
  2. Anatomy and morphologyPlant structures
  3. PhysiologyPlant internal functions and growth (photosynthesis, transpiration, respiration)
  4. EcologyHow plants interact with their environment and each other

Botany for gardeners gives you a brief introduction to plant parts and systems and explains how to use that information to identify plants, select plants that will thrive in specific sites, and diagnose and manage plant problems.

botany-leaf_bases_apexLearn to identify and describe plant parts, including leaves, buds, stems, roots, flowers, fruits, and seeds and understand their various functions.

Recognize the various way plants are grouped including monocots and dicots, gymnosperms and angiosperms, and annuals, perennials and biennials,and how understanding these differences aids you in selecting plants that will thrive in your garden.

Become familiar with plant vascular systems and why they are important.

Understand how the environment can affect photosynthesis, respiration, transpiration, and plant growth.

Learn how plant hormones affect plants.

Botany For Gardeners

Renee Lampila, cc-by-2.0

Renee Lampila, cc-by-2.0

  1. Objectives
  2. Introduction
  3. Taxonomy—Plant Classification
  4. Anatomy and Morphology—Plant Structure and Their Functions
    1. Cells
    2. Roots
    3. Stems
    4. Buds
    5. Leaves
    6. Flowers
    7. Fruit
    8. Seeds
  5. Plant Physiology—Internal Functions and Growth​
    blueridgekittens, cc-by-nc-sa-2.0

    blueridgekittens, cc-by-nc-sa-2.0

    1. Photosynthesis
    2. Respiration
    3. Transpiration
    4. Environmental Factors
      1. Light
      2. Temperature
      3. Water
      4. Oxygen
      5. Carbon Dioxide
      6. Soils
    5. Plant Growth Chemicals

Extension Gardener Handbook

Handbook Description

Written By

Photo of Lucy Bradley, N.C. Cooperative ExtensionDr. Lucy BradleyExtension Urban Horticulture Specialist (919) 513-2001 lucy_bradley@ncsu.eduHorticultural Science - NC State University
Page Last Updated: 2 years ago
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