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copost bin oct

Soil and Site
Clean-up

        Compost your yard waste! As you cut back perennials in preparation for the winter, think about returning that bounty to your garden as compost.  Compost is nature’s favorite fertilizer and soil conditioner.  Recycle grass clippings, leaves and healthy (not diseased) garden refuse.          Use shredded leaves as mulch, Fallen leaves contain lots of nutrients, but they decompose slowly.  Help the process along by grinding up your leaves and using them in vegetable or flower gardens, rather than sending them to the dump.  Don’t have a shredder? Rake the leaves into rows and run over them with a mower, preferably one with a bagger attachment.         Be sure to rake up debris around and under rose bushes.  Black spot disease can overwinter in fallen leaves and appear next spring.         Now is also the time for site analysis! Walk around your yard, noting what need to be worked on, cleaned up or removed.  Mark these areas on a map of the yard so they can be worked on later this winter.

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copost bin oct

Soil and Site
Clean-up

        Compost your yard waste! As you cut back perennials in preparation for the winter, think about returning that bounty to your garden as compost.  Compost is nature’s favorite fertilizer and soil conditioner.  Recycle grass clippings, leaves and healthy (not diseased) garden refuse.          Use shredded leaves as mulch, Fallen leaves contain lots of nutrients, but they decompose slowly.  Help the process along by grinding up your leaves and using them in vegetable or flower gardens, rather than sending them to the dump.  Don’t have a shredder? Rake the leaves into rows and run over them with a mower, preferably one with a bagger attachment.         Be sure to rake up debris around and under rose bushes.  Black spot disease can overwinter in fallen leaves and appear next spring.         Now is also the time for site analysis! Walk around your yard, noting what need to be worked on, cleaned up or removed.  Mark these areas on a map of the yard so they can be worked on later this winter.

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Database Searchable by Name and Keyword

Plants Poisonous to
Livestock and Pets

This database of plants poisonous to livestock and pets is searchable by plant name or keyword

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Ag crops - 40-1

Fall Vegetable
Garden

    In the piedmont and coastal plain, garlic, spinach and onions can be planted now, although harvest won’t be till next spring.  The rest of the mountains and much of the piedmont are likely to have a frost by the end of the month.  Sometimes, protecting tender vegetables will you an extra week or two of harvest.  Full size tomatoes can be picked up and ripened inside even if green when picked.         Be prepared to use season extenders on your garden by the end of the month.  A few hours of frost protection can sometimes extend the growing season for 2 to 3 more weeks.         In the vegetable garden, insect control can be a challenge on fall-grown cabbage family crops.  Fortunately, the best controls are organic!  For aphids, use insecticidal soap.  Don’t miss the lower leaf surfaces.  For cabbage worms and other caterpillars use weekly applications of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt).         Plant a cover crop in your vegetable garden. Legumes, such as clover and alfalfa will enrich the soil by nitrogen fixation.  Cover crops also prevent erosion and can be turned over into the soil to provide needed organic matter.         Fall Pumpkins!  Have you been pumpkin shopping yet? Find a nice one, bring it home and dip it in 10% bleach and water solution to kill the bacteria that encourages it to rot. Then, sit it where it will not touch the ground or concrete.  A piece of cardboard can help.  This should help keep your pumpkin looking good for 2 to 3 months.

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Find NCSU Resources

To find NCSU resources when doing a web search, tack “site:.ncsu.edu” to the end of your search. For example “Kudzu Bug site:.ncsu.edu” This will limit the search to items within the ncsu.edu domain. You can search all Universities by using "site:.edu

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pests pic oct

Fall Pest Control

Fall sanitation is the key to disease reduction for the next year. Throw away diseased material. Do not put it in a compost pile. Leaving infected plant material on the plants or on the ground provides a source of inoculum for next year’s infections. If grubs are a problem in your lawn, apply Dylox throughout the end of October to kill small, newly hatched grubs. For those with fire ant problems, baits can be used whenever the temperatures are going to be 70 °F or higher. Otherwise a drench will be the most effective means of controlling fire ants in the fall. Start watching for winter annual weeds, such as hairy bittercress and chickweed. These weeds along with other weeds are better controlled now and throughout the winter before they set in in the early spring. If you see them germinating, apply a broadleaf herbicide when they appear. If Pecan scab has been a problem this year, it is not practical to spray for this disease. There are resistant cultivars of Pecans available and existing infected trees will still produce during years when the weather is less favorable for pecan scab.

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NEWS View All
Pansy flowers.

Which Flowers Are Edible?

Flowers are more than just a colorful addition to your landscape. Flowers are an important food source for pollinators such as honeybees and some varieties are also edible to people. You can liven MORE » – from   Chatham County Center

http://floricultureinfosearch.ces.ncsu.edu/

Floriculture InfoSearch

Floriculture InfoSearch is a powerful, but focused search engine designed to bring you floriculture information from the scientific literature, trade and association magazines/websites, NC State University, and the American Floral Endowment Floriculture Archive MORE »

Porcupine with a sweet potato body and green bean spines.

Veggie Varmint

The “Veggie Varmint” contest, hosted at the Burke County fair each year, is delightful, creative way to connect children with produce. Without the pressure to “EAT IT”, children (and adults) are encouraged to MORE »

Downy Mildew
Image by Gerald Holmes, courtesy of Bugwood

Downy Mildew

Downy mildew is here! Look on the tops of leaves for angular, yellow to brown wounds that stop at a leaf vein. Management suggestions: • Plant early in the season so you can MORE »

Greenstriped Mapleworm1398055Bugwood

Greenstriped Mapleworms

Greenstriped Mapleworms Greenstriped mapleworms are found in the piedmont the end of June and early July. As their name suggests their preferred hosts are maple trees, but they are also found on boxelder MORE »

Emerald Ash Borer 
(Image Courtesy of Bugwood)

Emerald Ash Borer

The emerald ash borer, a beautiful but extremely destructive, exotic insect pest, has now been detected in North Carolina. These beetles kill ash trees by feeding on the trunks. So far Person, Granville, MORE »

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EVENTS View All
Fall Is For PlantingTue Nov 4, 2014
6:30 PM - 8:00 PM Where:
Chatham County Extension Center, 65 East Chatham St., Pittsboro
— 1 week away
Fall Is For PlantingWed Nov 5, 2014
10:00 AM - 11:30 AM Where:
Chatham County Extension Center, 65 East Chatham St., Pittsboro
— 1 week away
Plantsmen's Tour - JCRA 2nd Tuesday of Month 1pm - RaleighTue Nov 11, 2014
1:00 PM - 2:00 PM Where:
4415 Beryl Road, Raleigh, North Carolina.
— 2 weeks away
Plantsmen's Tour - JCRA 2nd Tuesday of Month 1pm - RaleighTue Dec 9, 2014
1:00 PM - 2:00 PM Where:
4415 Beryl Road, Raleigh, North Carolina.
— 1 month away
Plantsmen's Tour - JCRA 2nd Tuesday of Month 1pm - RaleighTue Jan 13, 2015
1:00 PM - 2:00 PM Where:
4415 Beryl Road, Raleigh, North Carolina.
— 3 months away
Plantsmen's Tour - JCRA 2nd Tuesday of Month 1pm - RaleighTue Feb 10, 2015
1:00 PM - 2:00 PM Where:
4415 Beryl Road, Raleigh, North Carolina.
— 4 months away
Plantsmen's Tour - JCRA 2nd Tuesday of Month 1pm - RaleighTue Mar 10, 2015
1:00 PM - 2:00 PM Where:
4415 Beryl Road, Raleigh, North Carolina.
— 4 months away
Plantsmen's Tour - JCRA 2nd Tuesday of Month 1pm - RaleighTue Apr 14, 2015
1:00 PM - 2:00 PM Where:
4415 Beryl Road, Raleigh, North Carolina.
— 6 months away
More Events